Dubrovnik is the most popular tourist destination in Croatia, by the Adriatic shore. Famous with its historical artifacts of Middle Age, its Latin name Ragusa originated from the rock where the first settlement was established. During the civil war in Yugoslavia, in 1991 the city was brutally attacked and kept under the siege for seven months, attacks lasted for another three years which caused severe damages on the urban structures. The city has started to gain its previous image back with the UNESCO restoration activities since 2005. Owing to rejuvenation of tourism measures, the population of the city (recently 49.000) is on the increase.
One the most important tourism centers and samples of contemporary architecture in Dubrovnik, Hotel Libertas, built into a cliff providing unique view on old monastery Dance and fort Lovrijenac; 24 km from the International airport and only 15 minutes walking distance from the historic Old Town, the five-star hotel is located by the Adriatic.
The hotel building, destructed during the war and weather beaten, has been left abandoned for the last 14 years.
A complete renovation, keeping only the carcass of the structure, has been the architectural approach. Dubrovnik is a center of congress, sports, entertainment and health tourism so that the spaces of the hotel are modified in line with all these capacities.
At the sea level, the application of the new landscape to the site engenders new functions, a Spa unit being one of them. Extra room and bed capacity earned via new floors added at the top of the previous middle block. Having 315 rooms and 625 bed capacity, the hotel also houses three restaurants, a SPA and health center, entertainment areas, meeting and conference halls. The hotel has an easy access to the city and in return open to citizens’ access as well as the hotel visitors’. Bordering Gospina Pole sports and entertainment center adjoins the square in front of the hotel entrance and welcomes the town folk.
During the rehabilitation process, architectural design and façade preferences are evaluated together with the landscape; to establish a direct communication with the historic setting and the sea, transparent glass is preferred on the front and back façades. Integration of the building with the adjacent villas and streets, and the maintainability and the compatibility with the harsh weather conditions of the Adriatic coast are taken into consideration as a whole; “street façades”, which are facing the roads between the hotel building and villas, on the right and left sides of the sea front of the building, are designed as “green walls” in consideration of environmental authenticity and climatic changes. In addition to functionality concerns, aiming to contribute an aesthetic value to the natural atmosphere, it is decided that these green walls overgrown with ivy that remains fresh every season, prolong the greenery in a vertical form. In order to generate the “designed façade”, the plastered and insulated wall is coated with a light-steel framework, which is twined around with plants that survive year-round.
Respecting the traditional construction of the region, it is also anticipated taking the fullest advantage of the current industrial and technological developments in terms of structure and material use.
RIXOS HOTEL LIBERTAS
2007 / dubrovnik